Wednesday, January 6, 2016

The God Of Christians and Jews Is Not The Same God In Islam

No, the God of Christianity and the God of Islam are not the same. First of all, the God of Christianity is a Trinity where the God of Islam is not. The Trinity is the monotheistic teaching that God exists eternally as three distinct persons: the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit. In Islam, this is blatantly denied. It cannot be the case that God is a Trinity and also not a Trinity.  Therefore, since they contradict each other, they cannot be the same.

"And behold! Allah will say: "O 'Isa Ibn Maryam! Did you say to men, "Worship me and my mother as gods besides Allah?" He will say: "Glory to you! Never could I say what I had no right to say. Had I said such a thing, you would indeed have known it. You know what is in my heart, though I know not what is in yours. For you know in full all that is hidden," (Quran 5:116).

"O People of the Scripture, do not commit excess in your religion or say about Allah except the truth. The Messiah, Jesus, the son of Mary, was but a messenger of Allah and His word which He directed to Mary and a soul [created at a command] from Him. So believe in Allah and His messengers. And do not say, "Three"; desist--it is better for you. Indeed, Allah is but one God. Exalted is He above having a son. To Him belongs whatever is in the heavens and whatever is on the earth. And sufficient is Allah as Disposer of affairs," (Quran 4:171).

Furthermore, in Christianity the doctrine of the Trinity allows for the incarnation of the Word.  John 1:1, 14 says that the Word which was God was with God and became flesh and dwelt among us and was crucified (Matt. 26:2, 27:38). This is denied in Islam, which says that Jesus is only a prophet and was not crucified.  Therefore, this is another area that shows that the God of Islam and of Christianity cannot be the same.

"[Jesus] said, "Indeed, I am the servant of Allah. He has given me the Scripture and made me a prophet," (Quran 19:30).

"And [for] their saying, "Indeed, we have killed the Messiah, Jesus, the son of Mary, the messenger of Allah." And they did not kill him, nor did they crucify him; but [another] was made to resemble him to them. And indeed, those who differ over it are in doubt about it. They have no knowledge of it except the following of assumption. And they did not kill him, for certain," (Quran 4:157).

Comparison chart



Place of worship Church, chapel, cathedral, basilica, home bible study, personal dwellings. Mosque/masjid, any place which is considered clean by Islamic standards.
Place of origin Roman province of Judea. Arabian Peninsula, Mecca at Mount Hira.
Practices Prayer, sacraments (some branches), worship in church, reading of the Bible, acts of charity, communion. Five pillars: Testament that there is one God and Muhammad is his messenger (shahadah); prayer five times daily; fast during Ramadan; charity to the poor (zakat); pilgrimage (Hajj).
Use of statues and pictures In Catholic & Orthodox Churches. Muslims are not permitted to depict the image of God nor any prophets.
Goal of religion To love God and obey his commandments while creating a relationship with Jesus Christ and spreading the Gospel so that others may also be saved. Follow the guidance of the Qur'an and Hadiths to reach eternal paradise.
Clergy Priests, bishops, ministers, monks, and nuns. Imam leads congregational prayer in a mosque. Sheikh, Maulana, Mullah and Mufti
Founder The Lord Jesus Christ. Prophet Muhammad
Scriptures The Holy Bible The Qur'an, the Hadiths (Sahih al-Bukhari, Sahih Muslims, Sunan Abu Dawood, Sunan at-Tirmidhi, Sunan al-Sughra and Sunan ibn Majah.
Literal Meaning Follower Of Christ. Islam is derived from the Arabic root "Salema": peace, purity, submission and obedience. In the religious sense, Islam means submission to the will of God and obedience to His law.
Belief of God One God: Father, Son, and Holy Spirit. Only one God.
Life after death Eternity in Heaven or Hell, in some cases temporal Purgatory. A Muslim and all the beings will be accountable to Allah on the Day of Judgement.
Means of salvation Through Christ's Passion, Death, and Resurrection. Belief in one God, remembrance of God, repentance, fear of God and hope in God's mercy.
Belief The Nicene Creed sums up Christian belief in the Holy Trinity. Belief in one God,who has sent messengers with revelation and guidance for humanity so they may be guided to Islam (submission to God) & who have came with both good news and a warning, the last & final messenger being Muhammad صلى الله علي
About Christianity broadly consists of individuals who believe in the deity Jesus Christ. Its followers, called Christians, often believe Christ is "the Son" of the Holy Trinity and walked the earth as the incarnate form of God ("the Father"). Islam consists of individuals who believe in Allah, a deity whose teachings its followers—Muslims—believe were recorded, verbatim, by the god's last prophet, Muhammad.
Second coming of Jesus Affirmed. Affirmed
Definition Disciple of Jesus Christ. Islam is an Arabic word for "Submission or surrender in Ultimate Peace".Muslim means a believer in One God (Al-Illah or Allah)
Human Nature Man has inherited "original sin" from Adam. Mankind then is inherently evil and is in need of forgiveness of sin. By knowing right and wrong Christians choose their actions. Humans are a fallen, broken race in need of salvation and repair by God. Human beings are not believed to be inherently sinful, but are seen as equally capable of both good and evil. Islam also teaches that faith and action go hand-in-hand.
Religious Law Has existed among Catholics in the form of canon law. Sharia law, or law that is loosely or strictly based on the Qur'an and the Hadiths, exists in many countries that have a majority Muslim population. Only some regions with sharia law apply it to judicial or criminal issues.
Geographical distribution and predominance Europe, North and South America, and Australia and New Zealand. There are 1.6 billion. By the percentage of the total population in a region considering themselves Muslim, 24.8% in Asia-Oceania, 91.2% in the Middle East-North Africa, 29.6% in Sub-Saharan Africa, around 6.0% in Europe, and 0.6% in the Americas.
View of the Buddha N/A. He may be one of the 124,000 Prophets.
Confessing sins Protestants confess straight to God, Catholic confess mortal sins to a Priest, and venial sins straight to God (Orthodox have similar practice) Anglicans confess to Priests but considered optional. God always forgives sins in Jesus. The Qur'an asks them to become repentant, seek Allah’s forgiveness, and make a sincere tawba, and assures them that if they do this, Allah will forgive them, and exonerate them from their misdeeds.
Day of worship Sunday, the Lord's Day. Prayer five times daily is obligatory. Friday is the day of congregational prayer, obligatory for men, but not for women.
God's role in salvation Humans cannot save themselves or ascend on their own to a higher level. Only God is good and therefore only God is able to save a person. Jesus came down from Heaven to save mankind. Islam teaches us that salvation is attainable through the worship of God alone. A person must believe in God and follow His commandments.
Ressurection of Jesus Affirmed. Denied because his death is denied. God raised Jesus to him and he will return before end of time.
Prophets Prophets in the Bible are venerated. Many from Adam, Abraham, Noah, Jesus etc to Muhammed. There 124,000 prophets but only 25 Prophets known.
Holy Days Christmas (celebration of the birth of Jesus), Good Friday (death of Jesus), Sunday (day of rest), Easter (resurrection of Jesus), Lent (Catholicism), saints' feast days. Ramadan (month of fasting), Eid-ul Adha (feast of the sacrifice), Eid-ul Fitr (sweet festival at the end of Ramadan).
Status of Muhammad N/A. Deeply loved and revered in Islam, last Prophet, but is not worshipped, only God is worshipped, according to Islam creation is never to be worshipped under any circumstances only the creator
Original Languages Aramaic, Common (Koine) Greek, Hebrew. Arabic.
Marriage A Holy Sacrament. Islam is totally opposed to monasticism and celibacy. Marriage is an act of Sunnah in Islam and is strongly recommended. Men can onlymarry the people of the book. Women can only marry Muslims man.
Followers Christian (follwers of Christ) Muslims
Original Language(s) Aramaic, Greek, and Latin. Arabic
Position of Mary Mother Of God. Mary receives significant admiration from Muslims. She is said by the Prophet Muhammad to be the best woman God created. She is free of sin as the mother of Jesus.
imams identified as N/A. Shiites believe they are the successors of Ali; Sunnis regard them as their clergy.
Abrahamic Lineage Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob. The ancestor of Prophet Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم is Abraham (Ibrahim) through his son Ismael.
Views on other religion Christianity is the True Faith. Christians, Jews, Sabians and Magians are regarded as the people of the book but are not in the right path.
Jesus Son Of God. a Prophet and messenger of God, and his proper name used in the Quran is Isa ibn Maryam [Jesus the son of Mary (not God)]
Symbols Cross, ichthys ("Jesus fish"), Mary and baby Jesus. None that are universal, though Muhammad's name in calligraphy is common. The popular star and crescent symbol is also common, but mainly relates to historical and political issues, not necessarily religious ones.
Position of Abraham Father of the faithful. A great Prophet.
On Race All races generally viewed equal in Christianity. However, Bible passages on slavery were used to support the practice in the past in the U.S. The "curse of Ham" was sometimes thought to be black skin; modern interpretations reject this. Races generally viewed as equal, but those that accept Islam are viewed more favorably than those that do not. "Among His Signs is the creation of the heavens and the earth, and the variations in your languages and your colors..." —Surat 30:22
On Clothing Conservative Christians dress modestly; women may cover their heads, wear long skirts or dresses; men may wear dress clothes that do not show the chest, legs, and arms. More moderate or liberal Christians generally reject such clothing restrictions. Women must present themselves modestly to cover hair and body shape. Men must be modestly dressed and covered from waist to knee. In most Muslim culture, women wear a form of the hijab; in some, they must wear the full-body cover known as the burqa.
On Food/Drink Though the Old Testament of the Bible says certain meats should not be consumed, Christians usually feel this information does not apply to them (in the New Testament) and so eat what they want to eat. Muslims are only supposed to eat foods that are considered halal.
View of Jesus God in human form, "Son of God," savior. Death by crucifixion. Most, though not all, of Christians believe Jesus rose from the dead, was taken up into heaven, and will return during an apocalypse. Prophet from Allah whose message has been misinterpreted or corrupted. In Islam, Jesus did not die, but was taken into heaven. A disciple died instead. Some believe Christ will return in an apocalypse, but the significance of his return varies.
Praying to Saints, Mary, and Angel Encouraged in the Catholic & Orthodox Churches; most Protestants only pray directly to God. Shiites ask for Saints' intercession, but, Sunnis do not. Mary is venerated by both Sunnis and Shiites however.
View on Abrahamic religions All worship the One God. Believe that Jews & Christians should accept Muhammad as the final Prophet; believe that Baha'is are wrong in believing that Bah-u-llah is a prophet.
Primary God(s) A single, all-powerful god known as God that is typically thought of in "trinity" form: God, the Father; Christ, the Son; and the Holy Spirit (or Ghost). Not all sects/denominations of Christianity believe in the Trinity. Only Allah, who is seen as being all-powerful. "They do blaspheme who say: Allah is one of three in a Trinity: for there is no god except One Allah." —Surat Al-Ma'idah 5:73
Founders and Early Leaders Jesus, Peter, Paul, and the Apostles. Muhammad, Abu Bakr.
Important Tenets The Ten Commandments, The Beatitudes. The Five Pillars of Islam among Sunni Muslims and the Seven Pillars of Islam among Shia Muslims. The Shia Twelvers also have the Ancillaries of the Faith.
Spiritual Beings Angels, demons, spirits. Angels, demons, spirits, jinn (genies).
Revered People Varies by sect/denomination. Saints, the Pope, cardinals, bishops, nuns, church pastors, or deacons. Prophets, imams (spiritual leaders).
Sacred Texts Christian Bible (includes Old and New Testaments). What is considered canon may vary slightly by sect/denomination. Some groups, like Mormons with the Book of Mormon, have other important books, too. While the Qur'an is the only holy text of Islam, the Hadith, which is said to be the sayings of Muhammad, is also highly revered.
Number of Adherents An estimated 2.1 billion, largest religion in the world. An estimated 1.5 billion, second largest religion in the world.
Year Formed 28-33 CE. 610-622 CE.
Most Common Sects Catholic, Orthodox, Protestant. Sunni, Shia.
Influenced By Hellenistic Judaism, Jewish folklore, Greco-Roman paganism, monotheistic Zoroastrianism. Judaism, Christianity, monotheistic Zoroastrianism. Customs of the pagan religions of the Arabian Peninsula that already had pilgrimages to Mecca.
On Women Equal to men. In some denominations, they may become nuns. Varies. Some Muslims view women as equal, while others believe women should be subservient. Clothing is usually controlled (e.g., hijab, burqa); health choices may be restricted. Surat An-Nisa 4:34 allows for "light beating" of "disobedient" wives.
Views on Sacred Texts Varies from literal, fundamentalist interpretations, to the belief that the Bible is fallible and filled with metaphors. Varies, but more Muslims than not feel the Qur'an is literally the word of Allah, as passed down through Muhammad.
On Other Religions Many Christians believe all other religions are false. Moderates may or may not believe this. "Be careful to do everything I have said to you. Do not invoke the names of other gods; do not let them be heard on your lips." —Exodus 23:13 Most Muslims believe all other religions are false. "Fight those who believe not in Allah nor the Last Day...until they pay the Jizya with willing submission, and feel themselves subdued." —Surat At-Tawbah 9:29
On Atheism Varies. Some believe atheists will go to hell because they do not believe in God; others believe God does not operate that way. "The fool says in his heart, 'There is no God.' They are corrupt, their deeds are vile..." —Psalm 14:1 Varies, but atheism can be very dangerous in some Muslim nations. "O Prophet! strive hard against the unbelievers and the Hypocrites, and be firm against them. Their abode is Hell, an evil refuge indeed." —Surat At-Tawbah 9:73
On Marriage/Divorce Definition of marriage and divorce acceptance varies by sect/denomination. Bible includes examples of polygamy and monogamy and only condones divorce in cases of adultery. According to the Qur'an, men may marry more than one woman, but no more than four, as long as he can support them and treat them fairly. Divorce easy for men, difficult for women.
On LGBT Varies. Christians who believe in more literal interpretations of the Bible rarely accept homosexuality; some see it as a crime. "Do not be who have sex with men...will not inherit the kingdom of God." —1 Corinthians 6:9-10 Varies, but generally homosexuality is not accepted. Verses from the Qur'an condemn it and modern fatwas (Islamic law interpretation) often ban homosexuality as a crime.
On Money Tithing / charitable giving. "Again I tell you, it is easier for a camel to go through the eye of a needle than for someone who is rich to enter the kingdom of God." —Jesus in Matthew 19:24 Zakat (charitable giving). "And know that your possessions and your children are but a trial (fitnah) and that surely with Allah is a mighty reward." —Surat Al-'Anfal 8:28
On Apocalypse Most, though not all, Christians believe Christ will return during an apocalypse that includes famine, war, and plague. Some Muslims believe Jesus will return at the end of the world; the difference is that they believe his return is a sign, not the actual end. Other Muslims believe Jesus is a minor figure and that Islam's 12th imam, Mahdi, will cleanse the world.
On Afterlife Eternal life in heaven (paradise) or hell (torment). Some Catholics believe in purgatory (limbo, temporary punishment). Eternal life in heaven (paradise) or hell 

Short Timeline of Christianity and Islam
Note: Dates are historical estimates.

5 BCE: Jesus is born in the Roman province of Judea. Christians believe he was "born of a virgin," Mary.

26 CE: John the Baptist begins ministry.

28 CE: Jesus begins his ministry.

33 CE: Jesus is arrested and executed by way of crucifixion. Christians believe he rose from the dead three days later and ascended into heaven. Christianity begins.

44 CE: James, Jesus' older brother, becomes a primary leader in Jerusalem's Christian community.

57 CE: Paul the Apostle is arrested in Jerusalem after failing to help Jewish Christians and Gentile Christians reach a compromise regarding the depiction of Jesus.

62 CE: James is stoned to death.

63 CE: The Temple of Jerusalem, considered one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, is built.

64 CE: Roman Emperor Nero blames Christians for the burning of Rome.

66 CE: Mark begins writing his version of Jesus' life.

70 CE: Rome takes over Jerusalem and destroys its temple, more or less ending the more Jewish branch of Christianity.

73 CE: Matthew and Luke write their versions of Jesus' life, partly based on Mark's version.

75-90 CE: John writes his version of Jesus' life.

90 CE: The Romano-Jewish historian Josephus writes of the life and death of Jesus..

125 CE: The earliest surviving New Testament writing, written by John, is roughly dated as being from this year.

380 CE: Christianity becomes the official religion of the Roman Empire.

397 CE: The Councils of Carthage decide which gospels and other written works will be considered canon books of the Bible versus which will be considered apocryphal.

570 CE: Muhammad is born in Mecca.

610 CE: Muslims believe this is the year Muhammad is first visited by the angel Gabriel.

610-622 CE: Muhammad begins his ministry. Islam begins.

622 CE: Muhammad and his followers migrate from Mecca to Medina in what is known as the Hijra. The Islamic calendar begins and the Prophet's Mosque is built. The first Islamic state begins when a constitution is drafted that combines Medina's government with Islam..

623 CE: Muhammad marries Aisha. Muslims generally view this marriage favorably, but Aisha's age—nine, to Muhammad's 53—causes great controversy outside of the Islamic faith today.

628 CE: The Treaty of Hudaybiyah is created, allowing Muslims in Medina to make pilgrimages to Medina.

630 CE: Muslims peacefully overtake Mecca after the Treaty of Hudaybiyah is dissolved. Other faiths' idols are destroyed and Mecca becomes an Islamic state.

632 CE: Muhammad dies from an illness. Abu Bakr, Muhammad's father-in-law (Aisha's father), becomes caliph (spiritual leader).

633-655 CE: Islam is spread through warfare. Muslim armies take over Egypt, Mesopotamia, Palestine, Syria, the North African coast, and portions of the Byzantine and Persian empires.

650 CE: Caliph Uthman forms a committee to standardize and reproduce the Qur'an. Muhammad's dialect of the Quraysh tribe is chosen as the standard dialect.

656-661 CE: Islam's first civil war; the Shia and Sunni sects form.

675 CE: Sufism forms.

1096 CE: The First Crusade, a three-year battle between Christians and Muslims, begins.

So, the God of Islam and the God of Christianity are not the same.

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