No, the God of Christianity and the God of Islam are not the same. First of all, the God of Christianity is a Trinity where the God of Islam is not. The Trinity is the monotheistic teaching that God exists eternally as three distinct persons: the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit. In Islam, this is blatantly denied. It cannot be the case that God is a Trinity and also not a Trinity. Therefore, since they contradict each other, they cannot be the same.
"And behold! Allah will say: "O 'Isa Ibn Maryam! Did you say to men, "Worship me and my mother as gods besides Allah?" He will say: "Glory to you! Never could I say what I had no right to say. Had I said such a thing, you would indeed have known it. You know what is in my heart, though I know not what is in yours. For you know in full all that is hidden," (Quran 5:116).
"O People of the Scripture, do not commit excess in your religion or say about Allah except the truth. The Messiah, Jesus, the son of Mary, was but a messenger of Allah and His word which He directed to Mary and a soul [created at a command] from Him. So believe in Allah and His messengers. And do not say, "Three"; desist--it is better for you. Indeed, Allah is but one God. Exalted is He above having a son. To Him belongs whatever is in the heavens and whatever is on the earth. And sufficient is Allah as Disposer of affairs," (Quran 4:171).
Furthermore, in Christianity the doctrine of the Trinity allows for the incarnation of the Word. John 1:1, 14 says that the Word which was God was with God and became flesh and dwelt among us and was crucified (Matt. 26:2, 27:38). This is denied in Islam, which says that Jesus is only a prophet and was not crucified. Therefore, this is another area that shows that the God of Islam and of Christianity cannot be the same.
"[Jesus] said, "Indeed, I am the servant of Allah. He has given me the Scripture and made me a prophet," (Quran 19:30).
"And [for] their saying, "Indeed, we have killed the Messiah, Jesus, the son of Mary, the messenger of Allah." And they did not kill him, nor did they crucify him; but [another] was made to resemble him to them. And indeed, those who differ over it are in doubt about it. They have no knowledge of it except the following of assumption. And they did not kill him, for certain," (Quran 4:157).
|Place of worship|
|Place of origin|
|Use of statues and pictures|
|Goal of religion|
|Belief of God|
|Life after death|
|Means of salvation|
|Second coming of Jesus|
|Geographical distribution and predominance|
|View of the Buddha|
|Day of worship|
|God's role in salvation|
|Ressurection of Jesus|
|Status of Muhammad|
|Position of Mary|
|imams identified as|
|Views on other religion|
|Position of Abraham|
|View of Jesus|
|Praying to Saints, Mary, and Angel|
|View on Abrahamic religions|
|Founders and Early Leaders|
|Number of Adherents|
|Most Common Sects|
|Views on Sacred Texts|
|On Other Religions|
Short Timeline of Christianity and Islam
Note: Dates are historical estimates.
5 BCE: Jesus is born in the Roman province of Judea. Christians believe he was "born of a virgin," Mary.
26 CE: John the Baptist begins ministry.
28 CE: Jesus begins his ministry.
33 CE: Jesus is arrested and executed by way of crucifixion. Christians believe he rose from the dead three days later and ascended into heaven. Christianity begins.
44 CE: James, Jesus' older brother, becomes a primary leader in Jerusalem's Christian community.
57 CE: Paul the Apostle is arrested in Jerusalem after failing to help Jewish Christians and Gentile Christians reach a compromise regarding the depiction of Jesus.
62 CE: James is stoned to death.
63 CE: The Temple of Jerusalem, considered one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, is built.
64 CE: Roman Emperor Nero blames Christians for the burning of Rome.
66 CE: Mark begins writing his version of Jesus' life.
70 CE: Rome takes over Jerusalem and destroys its temple, more or less ending the more Jewish branch of Christianity.
73 CE: Matthew and Luke write their versions of Jesus' life, partly based on Mark's version.
75-90 CE: John writes his version of Jesus' life.
90 CE: The Romano-Jewish historian Josephus writes of the life and death of Jesus..
125 CE: The earliest surviving New Testament writing, written by John, is roughly dated as being from this year.
380 CE: Christianity becomes the official religion of the Roman Empire.
397 CE: The Councils of Carthage decide which gospels and other written works will be considered canon books of the Bible versus which will be considered apocryphal.
570 CE: Muhammad is born in Mecca.
610 CE: Muslims believe this is the year Muhammad is first visited by the angel Gabriel.
610-622 CE: Muhammad begins his ministry. Islam begins.
622 CE: Muhammad and his followers migrate from Mecca to Medina in what is known as the Hijra. The Islamic calendar begins and the Prophet's Mosque is built. The first Islamic state begins when a constitution is drafted that combines Medina's government with Islam..
623 CE: Muhammad marries Aisha. Muslims generally view this marriage favorably, but Aisha's age—nine, to Muhammad's 53—causes great controversy outside of the Islamic faith today.
628 CE: The Treaty of Hudaybiyah is created, allowing Muslims in Medina to make pilgrimages to Medina.
630 CE: Muslims peacefully overtake Mecca after the Treaty of Hudaybiyah is dissolved. Other faiths' idols are destroyed and Mecca becomes an Islamic state.
632 CE: Muhammad dies from an illness. Abu Bakr, Muhammad's father-in-law (Aisha's father), becomes caliph (spiritual leader).
633-655 CE: Islam is spread through warfare. Muslim armies take over Egypt, Mesopotamia, Palestine, Syria, the North African coast, and portions of the Byzantine and Persian empires.
650 CE: Caliph Uthman forms a committee to standardize and reproduce the Qur'an. Muhammad's dialect of the Quraysh tribe is chosen as the standard dialect.
656-661 CE: Islam's first civil war; the Shia and Sunni sects form.
675 CE: Sufism forms.
1096 CE: The First Crusade, a three-year battle between Christians and Muslims, begins.
So, the God of Islam and the God of Christianity are not the same.